Comic Books versus Graphic Novels: The Differences, the Schism and the Future

Ramon Gil
Illustration (School of Graduate Studies)

About this Item

Title
Comic Books versus Graphic Novels: The Differences, the Schism and the Future
Contributor Names
Gil, Ramon (Author)
Reitschel, Barbara (Thesis advisor)
Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York. Illustration (Degree granting institution)
Date
2022
Degree Information
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2022
Department: Illustration
Advisor: Barbara Reitschel
Committee member: Brendan Leach
Abstract
Since the debut of “Superman” in 1938, superhero stories have dominated American comic books. Nevertheless, in the past decade, original graphic novels have emerged as an almost separate medium, offering various genre reading far beyond masks and capes. An era ushered in by Will Eisner with the term graphic novel, which he coined and first used to describe his book “A Contract with God” (Baronet Press, 1978), Followed by Art Spiegelman’s Pulitzer-prize-winning “Maus” in 1980 (Pantheon Books) The flood gates have been widening ever since. The difference is not only in content but also in the diversity of the creators, the art styles, the physical formats of the books, and the production, business, and distribution models through which they are made. However, where did this new movement come from? How was it influenced by the comics and comic makers of old? Why is there a separation, if any, and what does the future hold for these two camps?
This study will explore the answers to the above questions through research and interviews with some of the key players and experts in the field. We will delve into the origin of comics themselves; the different artistic movements that may have led to today’s work, and the possible reasons for the divide between comic books and graphic novels. This work will also try to prognosticate on the future for and between both industries.
Subject
Comic books, strips, etc.
Graphic novels
Markets in art
Rights
In Copyright
The copyright for this work is held by its author/creator(s). Usage of this material beyond what is permitted by copyright law must first be cleared with the rights-holder(s). This work has been made available online by the Fashion Institute of Technology Gladys Marcus Library strictly for research and educational purposes. If you are the copyright holder for this work and have any objections to this work being made available online, please notify us immediately at [email protected].
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Identifier
FIT Repository ID: etd_000979
Type
Text
Thesis
Language
English

Citation

Gil, R. (2022). Comic Books versus Graphic Novels: The Differences, the Schism and the Future [Master's thesis, Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York]. FIT Institutional Repository. https://institutionalrepository.fitnyc.edu/item/179213
Gil, Ramon. Comic Books Versus Graphic Novels: The Differences, the Schism and the Future. 2022. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York, Master's thesis. FIT Digital Repository, https://institutionalrepository.fitnyc.edu/item/179213
Gil, Ramon. "Comic Books Versus Graphic Novels: The Differences, the Schism and the Future." Master's thesis, Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York, 2022. https://institutionalrepository.fitnyc.edu/item/179213