Violette Marsan, Erik Braagaard, Henri De Chatillon: French Milliners of New York, 1930–1968

Celine Khawam
Fashion and Textile Studies: History, Theory, Museum Practice

About this Item

Title
Violette Marsan, Erik Braagaard, Henri De Chatillon: French Milliners of New York, 1930–1968
Contributor Names
Khawam, Celine (Author)
Font, Lourdes M. (Thesis advisor)
Davidson, Hilary (Thesis advisor)
Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York. Fashion and Textile Studies: History, Theory, Museum Practice (Degree granting institution)
Date
2023
Degree Information
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2023
Department: Fashion and Textile Studies: History, Theory, Museum Practice
Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 85-08
Advisors: Lourdes Font; Hilary Davidson
Committee members: Brooke Carlson
Abstract
Many designers who were significant contributors to Paris fashions in the 1930s have disappeared from the record of fashion history. This long list of forgotten designers includes Violette H. Marsan (1902-1997), Erik Braagaard (1912-2004), and Henri de Châtillon (1906- 1972), three Paris-based French modistes (milliners) who were celebrated for their elegant hats. They gained widespread success in France before fleeing the country in the wake of the Second World War and settling in New York and Mexico City. They were part of the numerous French émigrés (immigrants) who had found refuge in the United States during wartime, many of whom were intellectuals, artists, and designers. Back then, the French fashion community of New York was acclaimed, notably through the design contributions of Madame Nicole and Lilly Daché, two renowned French-American milliners. Despite their success and talent, the creations of Violette Marsan, Erik Braagaard, and Henri de Châtillon are not well represented in museum collections and their names are no longer recalled. My goal with this paper is to recover the course of their respective careers and recount these untold stories. A close look at their work, aspirations, and influence in New York and beyond will provide further insight into their style and relationship to the American fashion industry between 1930 and 1968, at a time of democratization of fashion and greater recognition for American designers.
Keywords: French modistes, French-American milliners, New York, Democratization , American designers, Erik Braagaard
Subject
Fashion
Europe
History
United States--History
French
Millinery workers
Democratization
Designers
Rights
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Identifier
FIT Repository ID: etd_000955
pqdiss: 30819349
URN/ISBN: 9798381449181
Related Materials
Also available from ProQuest
Type
Text
Thesis
Language
English
Publisher
Ann Arbor : ProQuest Dissertations & Theses,

Citation

Khawam, C. (2023). Violette Marsan, Erik Braagaard, Henri De Chatillon: French Milliners of New York, 1930–1968 [Master's thesis, Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York]. FIT Institutional Repository. https://institutionalrepository.fitnyc.edu/item/155925
Khawam, Celine. Violette Marsan, Erik Braagaard, Henri De Chatillon: French Milliners of New York, 1930–1968. 2023. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York, Master's thesis. FIT Digital Repository, https://institutionalrepository.fitnyc.edu/item/155925
Khawam, Celine. "Violette Marsan, Erik Braagaard, Henri De Chatillon: French Milliners of New York, 1930–1968." Master's thesis, Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York, 2023. https://institutionalrepository.fitnyc.edu/item/155925