The Potential of Art Festivals Held in the Metropolitan Area of Japan

The Potential of Art Festivals Held in the Metropolitan Area of Japan

Sae Matsumoto
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This thesis comprises a case study (Part 1) and a business plan (Part 2). The case study will focus on the incidents and controversy surrounding the exhibition “After Freedom of Expression” from Aichi Triennale 2019. This exhibition is an important case of showing a major example of censorship caused by the government of Japan. Since Aichi is also a metropolitan area in Japan, Aichi Triennale is a great example of the business plan.

The business plan outlines a strategy and the overview of a proposed art festival, the Osaka Triennale, which will be held in Osaka, Japan. Osaka Triennale is an art festival held every three years in Osaka, having the mission of making Osaka a place to enjoy arts and culture. The case study illustrates the modern issue of when having an art festival in Japan, which Osaka Triennale will have to keep in mind in order to be produced.
The Gallerization of the Museum Model

The Gallerization of the Museum Model

Chelsea Burgess
  • 2023
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
In the post-pandemic age, technology has grown significantly to create an impact on the art world. Whether it is planning an immersive art experience, hosting exhibitions and selling art in decentralized spaces, art organizations such as museums and galleries have begun to incorporate the use of technology as part of their program as an additional strategy to increase audience engagement and traffic even when they are not physically present. This thesis compares a case study (Part 1) and a business plan (Part 2), with the purpose of investigating the actual performance of the technology in art. I will apply the case study of the collaboration between The Mill and Tate Britain to my business of creative marketing studio with a focus on marketing and design through cutting-edge technology.
An Interdisciplinary Collaboration Between Art and Technology Maba Studio, Marketing in the Context of Creative Technology

An Interdisciplinary Collaboration Between Art and Technology Maba Studio, Marketing in the Context of Creative Technology

Silvia Zhang
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
In the post-pandemic age, technology has grown significantly to create an impact on the art world. Whether it is planning an immersive art experience, hosting exhibitions and selling art in decentralized spaces, art organizations such as museums and galleries have begun to incorporate the use of technology as part of their program as an additional strategy to increase audience engagement and traffic even when they are not physically present. This thesis compares a case study (Part 1) and a business plan (Part 2), with the purpose of investigating the actual performance of the technology in art. I will apply the case study of the collaboration between The Mill and Tate Britain to my business of creative marketing studio with a focus on marketing and design through cutting-edge technology.
Building Art-Tech Utopia: Artists Engaging with the Internet From Web 1.0 Through the Possibilities of Web 3.0

Building Art-Tech Utopia: Artists Engaging with the Internet From Web 1.0 Through the Possibilities of Web 3.0

Danielle Paterson
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
Advances in technology and internet culture have pushed artists’ production and their markets towards a more decentralized, accessible, and democratic environment where independent artists can thrive. Since the early days of Web 1.0, artists have integrated internet technology into their practice as a means of production, social interaction, marketing, and distribution. In the ensuing years, the art market and opportunities for artistic success have developed in tandem with technological innovations and continue to evolve as our culture shifts into a future of virtual worlds and digital assets. The initial developments of the computer and Web 1.0 began in the 1960s through the 1990s. These later developed into Web 2.0 and the revolutionary influence of social media in the 2000s through 2020. Today Web 3.0 is emerging through virtual reality and blockchain technology. A discussion of each digital epoch will address the evolution of technology, the progression of artistic practice utilizing the internet, and the internet’s impact on the art market. This foundational research has been applied to a series of case studies of artists currently working in digital art, virtual reality, and non-fungible tokens. By applying the information and data collected from multiple sources of academic and internet research, formal and casual interviews with artists and industry professionals, and personal expertise on the topics, this thesis will examine how artists have historically interacted with evolving internet technologies to illustrate the copious paths to artistic success using Web 3.0 innovations. Web 3.0 is currently being created with a user-centric ethos and protocol that has the capacity to change the long-established system of standards in the art world. This research aims to provide artists with the tools to successfully navigate Web 3.0 and create a decentralized, accessible, and democratic art world.
How Museums Reshape Audience Engagement through Social Media Marketing

How Museums Reshape Audience Engagement through Social Media Marketing

Dominique D. Castro
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
To stay relevant in their communities, museums must reflect and take time to build trust, maintain a positive reputation, and develop innovative ways of shaping culture. Navigating through a fluid time in the age of digital media, museums have taken advantage of their online presence to stay relevant. However, with museums experiencing a push from the public for change, how can museums shape culture through communication via social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, while still being authentic to themselves? This thesis will examine data from three large, renowned American museums; The National Gallery of Art, Washington, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and The Art Institute of Chicago. By using the social media reports from the museums marketing platforms and their own operational reports, it will show how each museum builds and shapes a community online, collecting research through accredited journals and publications on marketing, arts marketing, and the digital development of arts institutions. The data will be analyzed, identifying major developments over time in the digital marketing world, comparing the data between the three institutions, and examining how these changes have been applied across the board.
Jeff Koons and Daniel Arsham as Successful Cases of Interdisciplinary Artists to Follow for Sean Go Art

Jeff Koons and Daniel Arsham as Successful Cases of Interdisciplinary Artists to Follow for Sean Go Art

Sean Go
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This thesis comprises a case study (Part 1) and a business plan (Part 2). The case study investigates the relationship between two artists, Jeff Koons and Daniel Arsham, and brand collaborations drawing on theories of artification. Theoretically, strategic synergies can be realized when artist branding and consumer brands or luxury companies work together. The business plan outlines a strategy for Sean Go Art to develop sculptures as a product extension to paintings and prints. The case study essentially outlines strategies that worked well for both Koons and Arsham, which sets up reasons why a product extension through sculptures would be effective for Sean Go's art practice to grow in critical acclaim and financial success.
Visualizing Chinese Americans: An (Auto)Ethnography of Making Meanings through Art as a Chinese American

Visualizing Chinese Americans: An (Auto)Ethnography of Making Meanings through Art as a Chinese American

Pingting Tu
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
Despite more than a century of living unequally to the rest of the country, most Chinese immigrants have chosen America as their diasporic home. While Chinese Americans have been a part of the making of America as a country for more than two centuries, America has not been telling the full story about Chinese Americans and their experiences in the land of dreams. In my essay, I am using my personal experiences as a Chinese American as the launchpad of the research. I draw on a combination of historical and theoretical research to analyze Chinese identities in American society and the evolution of Chinese and Chinese American art and how it is situated in the American art scene. I aim to discuss the contemporary Chinese American experience through an autoethnographic lens using three Chinese American artists at different stages of their careers: experienced, mid-career, and emerging. I used interviews and field studies to learn about these artists. Through this paper, I study how they settle and fit in the contemporary art world to understand their perspectives on topics like success and tradition related to being Chinese American and how this identity migrates into their artworks. Whereas Chinese Americans have been largely portrayed as victims of the American historical narrative, though it is not untrue, I attempt to tell the stories of little ordinary triumphs achieved by Chinese Americans, including myself to reshape the perception of us and celebrate us as "dreamers", "doers", and "achievers".
"Weird Nonsense" Humor and Trauma in the Work of Eva Hesse

"Weird Nonsense" Humor and Trauma in the Work of Eva Hesse

Eve Adsetts
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
Eva Hesse was always in on the joke. She was fascinated by the absurd. After fleeing Nazi persecution as a young child, she lived a life of extremes. In an effort to deal with her trauma, Hesse combined her artistic talent and survivor humor to create a unique style of sculpture that influenced generations. Scholarship on Eva Hesse paints her as a tragic and wounded feminist figure or a traumatized genius lost too soon. Instead, this paper presents Eva Hesse as a survivor, and her work as a humorous tool. As Hesse managed her trauma through her art and therapy, her art became funny and crude, a stark contrast from the dark abstract paintings and drawings of the beginning of her career. Through an exploration of "Holocaust humor," this paper analyzes the work of Eva Hesse as it acts like a Holocaust joke.
Glass in the Art World: How Glass Crosses over into Contemporary Art

Glass in the Art World: How Glass Crosses over into Contemporary Art

Danielle Reischman
  • 2022
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
Throughout history, the glass medium had typically been considered a medium of craft rather than a fine art. This was due to the medium being used for functional purposes, such as vases, drinking cups, pitchers, and other vessels. Craft can be defined as handmade objects of clay, fiber, glass, metal, or wood; thus, the assumption that all glass work is craft is valid. However, in more recent years, glass has been crossing over into the contemporary art market due to the high content-driven works and diverse uses of the glass medium. Challenging the way glass is being considered an artistic medium is being done by many glass artists and artists working with glass, including Dale Chihuly, Toots Zynsky, Beth Lipman, and Josiah McElheny. This paper discusses the various ways in which these artists are making the transition from craft to contemporary art. Chapter 1 discusses the studio glass movement, the Pilchuck Glass School, the first-generation glass artists, and the second-generation artists working with glass. The glass pieces made by these artists are essential to recognize because the diversity of their work shows the various ways the glass medium has been interpreted. Chapter 2 explains the artworld presence of the artists and their glass artworks, including gallery representation, exhibitions, and studio practice. Understanding how the art experts classify the artists and represent them, along with how these artists are exhibited, demonstrates how glass artists have started to cross over into contemporary art. Chapter 3 analyzes the contemporary glass market, comparing glass sculptures and installations to ceramic works of art, viewing how databases are classifying the glass artworks, and receiving direct information from the gallery representatives on the artists' markets.
The Relationship Between Art Education and Art Market Development in India

The Relationship Between Art Education and Art Market Development in India

Eniko Imre Spano
  • 2021
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
In the late 19th and 20th centuries Indian paintings were considered provincial and were seen to mimic Western innovations. Western art institutions largely consolidated them into one category with other kinds of Southeast Asian art. But after 1989, with the opening of the global market, major players in the Western art world saw an opportunity. In 1995 Sotheby's held its first Indian art auction for the Herwitz collection. Saffronart was founded in 2000 with exclusive focus on modern Indian art. In 2003 Sotheby's and Christie's started to hold modern Indian art auctions. The distinction of "Modern Indian Art" as a category was created by external groups. The Western art industry created a validating language for 20th century Indian art on the global market. It led to an increased demand for Indian modernists in the West. Although the number of local Indian collectors has been increasing due to the rising number of high-net-worth Indians, their number is still not significant in comparison to the new wealth of the country. In contrast to other new markets like China, growth in India's art market has not been nearly as significant.How can a country like India cultivate its own aesthetic scholarship and collector base within its own borders in the long run and become part of the global art market scene? The objective of this paper is to find some answers to this question by researching the public art education from K-12 grades and the higher art education of the country and compare them with other countries from the BRIC economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China), and especially with China which has proved to be particularly successful in cultivating its own art market infrastructure.The thesis first introduces the major art market developments of India in the last hundred years. Then it dives into the country's art education, beginning with the colonial art education and continuing through the contemporary art education scene.The final chapter introduces notable privately funded art initiatives whose work fills the gap that the government has left on India's art education. These initiatives go against and challenge the post-colonial state of art education with their decades-long rote learning practices, and aim try to provoke more critical, interdisciplinary art practices while expanding their networks locally and internationally.This thesis proposes that the marginalized role of art education in India is a major underlying cause of the country's failure to cultivate larger interest in visual arts and art collecting. My research attempts to collect data on India's art education policies and compare those with the more rigorous and enforced art education policies of China. My expectations of the outcome are more associative than clear-cut data science, as each country has many particular variables and India has very little policy in regard to art education. The discussion concludes with ideas on how to create awareness on the importance of art on the policy level, and how homegrown aesthetic value construction can be possible with the collaboration of museums, schools and initiatives, along with the help of technology, which can ultimately give a sense of importance to the local public.
Making a Myth: How Unknown Photographers Found Fame After Death

Making a Myth: How Unknown Photographers Found Fame After Death

Kat Kiernan
  • 2021
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
Some artists achieve substantial fame only after their death. Such fame is brought about through the efforts of a network of curators, critics, and estate managers who collectively shape a story from the life and work of the artist into a cohesive mythology and, in so doing, create or expand the market and value for the artist's work. Photographers are a unique subset of the posthumously famous artist. Unlike painting or sculpture, most photography is produced not for artistic purposes but to document people, events, places, or objects. When everyone is a photographer, what separates an artist from an amateur becomes a matter of marketing. This thesis explores the posthumous discovery of three of photography's key figures: Eugène Atget, Francesca Woodman, and Vivian Maier. It examines the stories of their discoveries and investigates significant aspects of creating an artist myth from a deceased artist's identity: control over the artist's estate, institutional support, and critical writing. Taking a broad look at the problems the photographic medium has historically faced in its acceptance as a fine art, this research demonstrates the necessity of establishing a photographer's mythology in order to further the market for their works.
Finding Its Own Way: The Empowerment System of Contemporary Artists' Legitimacy in China

Finding Its Own Way: The Empowerment System of Contemporary Artists' Legitimacy in China

Jinzhi Qin
  • 2021
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
The legitimacy of an artist's identity requires the empowerment of social recognition, which is achieved through the capital transaction and transformation within the two empowerment paths within the artworld: non-market empowerment path (autonomous) and market empowerment path (heteronomous). Because the original narrative of Chinese contemporary art was the ideology from "The Occident" countries, the non-market empowerment path in China lacks empowerment for contemporary Chinese artists, as the empowerment of it is a top-down, one-way empowerment process reflecting the will of the authorities. As a complement of the non-market empowerment path, the market empowerment path provides a valuable empowerment path and development space for Chinese contemporary artists as its empowerment is multi-directional and mutual. However, the market empowerment path also has the practical problem of relying too much on the Western art market for empowerment. In this case, galleries, the only empowering entities in the Chinese art market that directly establish business relationships with artists, are actively seeking ways to change this situation through innovation in business models. Among them, the Hive Center for Contemporary Art in the 798 Art District is a good example. Transforming from a non-profit private art museum, the Hive Center insists on investing in and supporting Chinese emerging contemporary artists and combines academic (autonomous) ways and market-oriented (heteronomous) ways to empower artists.
Tokenism of Female Artists in the Twenty-First Century

Tokenism of Female Artists in the Twenty-First Century

Tianyi Fan
  • 2020
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This research focuses on tokenism of female artists in the twenty-first century. Drawing on the collaborative study by In Other Words and Artnet News that reported women's place in the art world, this thesis will further investigate the exhibitions and acquisitions history of non-profit institutes in the U.S. and explore the auction records and gallery representations in the past two decades. The aim of this study was to determine that in addition to the recognized inequality between gender, female artists also suffer from the influence of tokenism, which, according to the Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, refers to the practice or policy of admitting an extremely small number of members from racial, ethnic, or gender groups to work or to be involved in educational or social activities to give the impression of inclusivity, while, in actuality, these groups are excluded from the mainstream. Data from different institutions, including museums, galleries, foundations, etc., prove that tokenism of female artists exists. Particularly focus on the phenomenon in the U.S., this thesis will also discuss tokenism as a global trend and explore possible methods to address this problem as well as the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on it.
The Development of Art Market Indices and Analysis from the 1960s to Today

The Development of Art Market Indices and Analysis from the 1960s to Today

Yewon Cha
  • 2020
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This paper explores the development of art market information and art market analysis since the 1960s. Unlike the stock or bond markets, primary market data is not publicly available in the art market. Due to the lack of primary market information, secondary market data, auction sales records, are often used to analyze the art market trends and to explore the suitability of art as an investment. Using the accumulated auction data, influential scholars such as William J. Baumol, William C. Goetzmann, Jianping Mei, and Michael Moses have analyzed the art market and created market indices to understand the financial motives behind art consumption. This paper starts by investigating the history of art market information. The first chapter charts the history of art indices through four representative studies from the 1960s to the 1990s. The second chapter examines influential researches conducted in the 2000s and 2010s. After going over the development of art market analysis in chronological order, the paper ends with a brief exploration of how the prior studies could influence the future of art market analysis.
The Evolution of the Papunya Tula Movement: How Western Desert Painting Became a Catalyst for the Australian Art Market Despite the Lasting Impacts of Colonialism

The Evolution of the Papunya Tula Movement: How Western Desert Painting Became a Catalyst for the Australian Art Market Despite the Lasting Impacts of Colonialism

Brett Rosenfeld
  • 2020
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This thesis focuses on the Papunya Tula art movement that emerged from the Western Desert of Australia in 1971 and its lasting effects on the Aboriginal art market. The movement is credited with changing the discourse around Australian art history, introducing Aboriginal art to the sphere of Australian contemporary art, and creating a viable and sustainable market for Aboriginal art. This thesis includes an art historical analysis of the work by the founding members of the Papunya Tula Artists Cooperative, along with the history of the origin of the movement and the role that art teacher Geoffrey Bardon played in its inception. In chapter two I will begin the discussion on British colonization of Australia, beginning with its history and effects on Aboriginal society, and later addressing how colonialism as a structure connects to primitivism seen in museums and galleries. Chapter two will also analyze the policies implemented by the Australian government, which put further limitations on Aboriginal self- determination within the contemporary art sector. To conclude this thesis, I am going to present an analysis of the background and current market for Aboriginal art, and how colonialism has subconsciously shaped the Australian contemporary art market.
The Rediscovery of Sanyu: The Development of Sanyu's Market from the 1980s to Today

The Rediscovery of Sanyu: The Development of Sanyu's Market from the 1980s to Today

An-Ru Chu
  • 2020
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This thesis scrutinizes the rediscovery of the Chinese artist Sanyu (or Chang Yu, 常玉, 1895-1966) by examining major factors that have prompted the radical increase in value of Sanyu's market from the late 1980s to the present. In 2019 and 2020, six paintings by Sanyu fetched over USD 20 million in auction sales. While the news media renewed its interest in Sanyu's market, its development remains poorly understood from an academic perspective. To investigate Sanyu's rediscovery comprehensively, this study incorporates bibliographic research, data analysis, and interviews. Chapter 1 explores Sanyu's biography, particularly in terms of the post-May-Fourth zeitgeist and his characteristics as a dandy. While the historical background and Sanyu's personal history were inextricably linked to the recontextualization of Sanyu, Charles Baudelaire and Michel Foucault's theories on dandyism and modernity shed light on Sanyu's role as a Chinese modernist. Chapter 2 traces the early stages of Sanyu's rediscovery in Taiwan from the 1980s to 2001. It takes into account of Taiwan's art market boom in the 1990s and illustrates efforts by Taiwanese art critics, art dealers, auctioneers, and curators to reconstitute Sanyu's stature. The progression suggests that Sanyu's market is far from an overnight success. Chapter 3 demonstrates multiple driving forces for the significant growth of Sanyu's market between 2002 and 2020. Along with the purchasing power from mainland Chinese collectors, other influential factors include Hong Kong's transformation as Asia's art hub, the publication of Sanyu Catalogue Raisonné, exhibitions in Paris, Barcelona, Taipei, Hong Kong, and mainland China that featured Sanyu's works and the consistent participation of Taiwanese collectors.
Folk Art on the Internet: Artists Building Community and Marketplace on Social Media

Folk Art on the Internet: Artists Building Community and Marketplace on Social Media

Anna McCrea Russell
  • 2020
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
This thesis will serve to introduce the topic of independent artists who are creating and maintaining a market for their work through a social media-facilitated patronage system into academic dialogue surrounding the art market. The first section of this paper will outline the current state of the art market and the impact of its disproportionate focus on top-tier artists before outlining the historical development of the art market and examples of artists who have unconventionally navigated the art marketplace. The later sections of this thesis will include three case studies focused on independent artists with self-sustaining markets for their work through the utilization of social media platforms. Research was collected for these case studies through interviews with artists with marketplaces for their artwork on social media. This paper will describe the interview process, its responses and analyze common trends within them. Moreover, identifying the implications and limitations of this research.
A proposal for a gallery in a nursing home for artwork by residents

A proposal for a gallery in a nursing home for artwork by residents

Anna Zaderman
  • 2010
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2010.
Unexpected masters: Studio photographers Mike Disfarmer, Seydou Keïta and Hashem El Madani in the context of art

Unexpected masters: Studio photographers Mike Disfarmer, Seydou Keïta and Hashem El Madani in the context of art

Dora Yordanova
  • 2014
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2014.
Bodies in pain: Performance art and the public

Bodies in pain: Performance art and the public

Yerebakan Osman Can
  • 2011
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2011.
Copyright v. creativity: The chilling effect of U.S. copyright law on artistic expression

Copyright v. creativity: The chilling effect of U.S. copyright law on artistic expression

Anne Woelfel
  • 2005
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2005.
Contemporary Japanese art: Issues and opportunities in the domestic and international markets

Contemporary Japanese art: Issues and opportunities in the domestic and international markets

Miyuki Urbanek
  • 2009
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2009.
The Russian contemporary art market since the dissolution of the Soviet Union: Its appearance on the global scene and future prospects

The Russian contemporary art market since the dissolution of the Soviet Union: Its appearance on the global scene and future prospects

Yulia Topchiy
  • 2006
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2006.
Mona Lease-A: A business plan for an art leasing company

Mona Lease-A: A business plan for an art leasing company

Simona Tanasescu
  • 2007
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2007.
A delicate copyright issue: Photographing public art

A delicate copyright issue: Photographing public art

Ae Lee Sin
  • 2011
  • Art Market Studies
  • Text
  • Thesis
M.A. Fashion Institute of Technology, State University of New York 2011.